Tuesday 11
Session Banque de France on The Incidence of Corporate Taxation - Clément Malgouyres
Clément Malgouyres
› 15:00 - 15:30 (30min)
› 401
Incidence of corporate tax credit on profits, wages and employment: evidence from a French reform
Clément Carbonnier  1@  , Clément Malgouyres  2@  , Loriane Py  2@  , Camille Urvoy  3@  
1 : Théorie économique, modélisation et applications  (THEMA)  -  Website
CNRS : UMR8184, Université de Cergy Pontoise
33, boulevard du Port 95011 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex -  France
2 : Banque de France  -  Website
Banque de France
3 : Département d'économie  (ECON)  -  Website
Sciences Po : EA4460
28, rue des Saints-Pères 75007 Paris -  France

This paper exploits a far-reaching French reform as well as a very rich set of administrative data to evaluate the impact of a corporate tax credit aimed at reducing labor costs on several outcomes: employment, profit and wages. The effects of the Competitiveness and Employment Tax Credit (CETC), a refundable tax credit based on the wagebill, introduced in France in 2013, are estimated thanks to double (and triple) difference methodologies, instrumented by the intensity of the intention to treat, thanks to data at the firm and individual levels on the period 2010-2014. Our results show that this relatively large tax break - about 17 billion euros per year - does not succeed in boosting employment in the first two years after being set. However they suggest that firms used the CETC to restore their margins. Moreover wages have increased significantly in more intensively treated firms, particularly those of white-collar employees. These results cast doubts regarding the effectiveness of such tax credits to boost employment. More importantly, they also provide new quasi-experimental evidence regarding rent sharing in the labor market. 

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